There are many worthwhile reasons to lend money to a relative. For example, you may want to help a child or sibling continue their education or start their own business.
But lending money to relatives can have tax consequences. The IRS requires that a minimum rate of interest be charged on loans. If you do not charge at least the minimum rate, the IRS will still require you to pay tax on the difference between the interest you should have charged and what you actually charged. If these excess amounts become large, or if the loan is forgiven, there may also be gift tax implications.
There are some exceptions, though. Loans of up to $10,000 generally can be made at a lower (or zero) rate of interest, as long as the proceeds aren‘t invested. Loans between $10,001 and $100,000 are exempt from the minimum interest requirement as well, as long as the borrower‘s investment income is $1,000 or less. If the investment income exceeds $1,000, you‘ll be taxed on the lesser of this income or the minimum IRS interest.
For the IRS to treat the transaction as a loan and not a gift subject to the gift tax rules, the transaction must look like a loan. The borrower should have the ability to repay the principal and interest. A contract should be prepared which specifies the loan amount, interest rate, the payment dates and amounts, any security or collateral, as well as late fees and steps to be taken if the borrower doesn‘t pay. Have the document signed and dated by all the parties.
For help with IRS, tax audits, tax problems, back taxes, tax settlements, tax debt, Offer in Compromise, tax help, IRS debt, a tax lien, a state tax levy, an IRS levy, an IRS tax lien, contact us. If you need IRS help and have unresolved cases with previous tax lawyers and tax attorneys, we can help find an optimal resolution for your indigenous needs. Contact us at 201-947-8081 or 646-688-2807, or email us at firstname.lastname@example.org.